Albania > Government Structure

Executive Branch Legislative Branch Judicial Branch
President of the Republic
chief of the state

Prime Minister
head of the government

Council of Ministers

appointed by the President
People's Assembly
unicameral, 140 seats
Supreme Court

Albania was until 1991 a communist country. From after World War II until his death in 1986, Albania was ruled with an iron fist by dictator Enver Hoxha. In 1986 he was preceded by Ramiz Alia. Until 1991, the only legal party was the Party of Labor of Albania.

In 1990 and 1991, popular protests toppled the communist regime and the first democratic elections were held in 1991. In 1992, the second elections were held, in which the opposition (the Democratic Party) won the majority of seats.




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